Your heart pumps the blood throughout your body by a network of arteries and veins (blood vessels). The circulatory system is also known as the cardiovascular system. Cardio refers to the heart, whereas vascular refers to circulatory arteries.
The question ( soalan ) is, what does the circulatory system do? The circulatory system’s job is to transport oxygen through the body. This circulation of the blood maintains your organs, muscles, and tissues healthy and functioning to keep you alive. The circulatory system also facilitates the elimination of waste products in the body. These waste products consist of the following:
- Carbon dioxide from respiration (breathing).
- Other biochemical byproducts released by your organs
- Waste from your foods or drinks.
Circulatory system disorders
Many conditions could have an impact on the health of your circulatory system, including:
- Aneurysms develop when an artery wall weakens and enlarges, triggering a life-threatening rupture. Aneurysms potentially affect any artery, but the most frequent are aortic aneurysms, abdominal aortic aneurysms, and brain aneurysms.
- Hypertension: Your arteries work hard to pump blood throughout your body. Hypertension occurs when the pressure (the force of blood on the blood vessel walls) becomes very high. Hypertension puts you at risk for cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, and strokes.
- Plaque deposits: High cholesterol and diabetes mellitus might promote fat and other molecules to accumulate in the blood. These materials accumulate on the arterial walls as atherosclerosis.
- Venous disease: Venous diseases mostly affect the veins in the lower extremity. When blood cannot flow back to the heart and accumulates in leg veins, problems such as chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins develop.
Here are some of the preventive measures you can do to avoid circulatory system problems
- Stop smoking.
Smoking is one of the leading causes of circulatory system disease, and smokers are about twice the risk of nonsmokers suffering a heart attack. Smoking not only irritates the artery lining but also lowers the quantity of oxygen in your circulation and elevates your blood pressure.
- Reduce your alcohol consumption.
Alcohol might harm your heart by promoting high blood pressure, irregular heart rhythms, and cardiac muscle damage. But you don’t have to quit it permanently. But rather follow the proposed recommendations for moderate alcohol consumption, which are two to three units per day for women and three to four units per day for men.
- Increase your physical activity.
According to studies, those who are not physically active are more likely to suffer a heart attack than those who are. To reduce your chance of developing coronary heart disease, aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week. You may divide the 150 minutes any way you prefer. Take a moderate 30-minute walk at lunchtime throughout the week, for example.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
If you are overweight, you are at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Eating less sugar and saturated fat while limiting alcohol use, eating more fruits and vegetables, and getting more exercise will all help you lose extra weight.
- Improve stress management.
When you’re stressed, you’re more likely to smoke, get little or no exercise, and consume more than a reasonable quantity of alcohol – all of which are associated with circulatory system issues.
- Understand your risk.
Certain factors, such as smoking, kidney failure, or a family history of early heart disease, might increase your risk. Knowing your risk factors can significantly help you and your physician in determining the best treatment option for you. Many risk factors could be reduced by making lifestyle modifications.
- Reduce your intake of salt.
If you eat a high-salt diet, your blood pressure is usually high as well, putting you at a particularly high risk of heart disease or stroke. Adults should consume no more than 6g of salt per day, while children should have no more than 3g. Reduce your salt consumption by avoiding the use of salt at the table and lowering the amount in cooking. Also, read product labels to see how much salt you’re getting from packaged products.
- Consume less sugar.
Excess sugar in your diet can contribute to weight gain, which can increase your blood pressure and eventually to diabetes and heart disease. If you have a sugar craving and can’t live without sugar, replace sweetened desserts and cakes with fresh yogurt and fruit.
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